PID Treatment

Treatment for PID

Antibiotics are the standard treatment for pelvic inflammatory disease.
These medications, which are usually taken by mouth, kill the disease-causing microorganism responsible for the condition. Severe infections that have spread to the kidneys may require hospitalization and intravenous antibiotics.

Commonly prescribed antibiotics include amoxicillin (Amoxil® or Trimox®), nitrofurantoin (Furadantin® or Macrodantin), trimethoprim (Proloprim®), and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim® or Septra®). Symptoms usually start to improve after a few days of treatment.

Make sure to take medications exactly as they are prescribed. Even if symptoms appear to go away, continue to take all of your medication, because there may still be bacteria in your body. Stopping medication early may allow the infection to return.

Also, stopping medication early may lead to antibiotic resistance. The few remaining bacteria in the body that survive most of the antibiotic therapy are the most difficult to kill. If the bacteria become resistant to treatment, the medications will no longer be effective if taken in the future.

Treating sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), like gonorrhea, promptly reduces the risk of developing pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).

Sexual partners of patients who have been diagnosed with PID should be tested and treated for STDs.

Selected References
American Social Health Association. www.ashastd.org.  Accessed April 28, 2009.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). www.cdc.gov.  Accessed April 28, 2009.
Cline JS. Sexually transmitted diseases: will this problem ever go away? N C Med J. 2006 Sep-Oct;67(5):353-8.
Rupp RE, Stanberry LR, Rosenthal SL. Vaccines for sexually transmitted infections. Pediatr Ann. 2005 Oct;34(10):818-20, 822-4.