Diagnosis

Gonorrhea Diagnosis

Patients should talk to their healthcare providers to determine how often they should be tested for gonorrhea. Patients who have symptoms of gonorrhea or suspect they may have been exposed to gonorrhea should be tested.

The standard diagnostic test for gonorrhea is a culture swab. For females, the healthcare provider may swab the discharge from the cervix. For males, the healthcare provider inserts a thin swab into the tip of the penis to retrieve a sample of fluid from the urethra. In some cases, the healthcare provider may swab the anus. The sample is then rubbed on a petri dish.
If the patient has gonorrhea, Neisseria gonorrhoeae will grow on the petri dish.

A urine analysis may also be performed. A sample of the patient’s urine is analyzed in a laboratory for the presence of the disease-causing bacteria.

Selected References

American Social Health Association. www.ashastd.org.
Accessed April 28, 2009.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). www.cdc.gov. 
Accessed April 28, 2009.Cline JS. Sexually transmitted diseases: will this problem ever go away? 
N C Med J. 2006 Sep-Oct;67(5):353-8.Enders M, Regnath T, Tewald F, et al. Syphilis. 
Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 2007 Jan 19;132(3):77-8.Flipp E, Raczynski P, El Midaoui A, et al. Chlamydia trachomatis infection in sexually active adolescents and young women. Med Wieku Rozwoj. 2005 Jan-Mar;9(1):57-64.Natural Standard: The Authority on Integrative Medicine. Copyright © 2009.Accessed April 28, 2009.
No authors listed. Human papillomavirus vaccine: new drug. Cervical cancer prevention: high hopes. Prescrire Int. 2007 Jun;16(89):91-4.
Rupp RE, Stanberry LR, Rosenthal SL. Vaccines for sexually transmitted infections. Pediatr Ann. 2005 Oct;34(10):818-20, 822-4.