Common STDs

std datingSexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that can be transmitted through oral, anal, and vaginal sex. These diseases may be transmitted from person to person through blood, semen, vaginal secretions, and breast milk. STDs are sometimes called sexually transmitted infections (STIs) because they involve passing a disease-causing microorganism (e.g. bacteria or viruses) to another person during sex.

STDs are among the most common infectious disease in the United States. Researchers estimate that 13 million Americans become infected with STDs each year. There are more than 20 different STDs.

Common STDs

HIV is the most dangerous STD because it progresses to AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome), which is an incurable and fatal disease. However, many other STDs, such as syphilis, may also be life threatening if left untreated.

Risk Factors

Certain patients have an increased risk of developing STDs. This includes patients who have multiple sexual partners, engage in unprotected sex (oral, anal, or vaginal), or who have sexual partners who have or have previously had an STD. In addition, men who have sex with men (MSM) are more likely to develop many STDs because they are more likely to engage in risky or unsafe sexual behavior.

It is important that you are, especially if you fit any of the ‘high risk’ behavior indocations below, regularly tested for STDs. Men and Women do not always experience symptoms of diseases or infections-if a patient has an STD and is not tested, he/she may unknowingly pass the disease onto his/her sexual partner(s).

STD Symptoms and Treatments

Symptoms and Treatments depend on the specific type of STD. Not all STDs can be cured. Some STDs, such as HIV, HPV, and genital herpes, require lifelong medication and treatment to manage symptoms and prevent complications.

If you are undergoing treatment for an STD, make sure to always take medications exactly as prescribed. This is especially important if you are taking antibiotics to treat bacterial infections, like gonorrhea or syphilis. Even if symptoms go away, medications should not be stopped early because the bacteria may still be present in the body.

If the medication is stopped too early, the remaining bacteria in the body may mutate and become resistant to treatment. Once the bacteria are resistant to a medication, the antibiotic is no longer effective.

Integrative Therapies

Alternative treatments, from Chiropractic therapy to regimented dietary supplement plans, have been shown to produce positive results, as well. SafePositive.com provides an extensive library of such treatments, and endorses exploring these alternative solutions with a licensed physician. While these therapies are new, and exciting, they are also largely unexplored by the medical community, and, if taken without discussing extensively with your doctor, may prove to be very dangerous and even fatal. While learning about these therapies, please be very cautious and DO NOT embark on a therapeutic program without consulting a licensed medical professional.

STD/STI Prevention

There are many ways to reduce the risk of developing STDs: Practicing safe sex, avoiding risky behaviors (e.g. sharing needles or having multiple sex partners), and undergoing routine STD screenings for STDs are among the most critical.

Be careful tp follow the recommended safety precautions to avoid exposure to blood or other bodily fluids. For instance, make sure to wear rubber gloves when applying first aid to anyone who is bleeding.

Safe sex

Avoid unprotected sexual contact, including vaginal, anal, and oral sex, with an STD positive person, or with someone who has not been tested for STDs. And again, make sure to wear gloves when in contact with blood or other body fluids that could possibly contain blood, like urine, feces, or vomit. Limit the number of sexual partners you have.

Having multiple sexual partners, besides making things confusing at times, increases the risk of developing STDs.

Avoid lambskin condoms because they do not prevent against STDs. Also, oil-based lubricants can weaken condoms and cause them to break.

Avoiding risky behavior

  • Do not share needles or syringes
  • Avoid excessive use of alcohol or other drugs, which can cloud judgment and lead to unsafe sexual practices.
  • Practices that increase the likelihood of blood contact, such as the sharing of razors, toothbrushes, and nail clippers, should be avoided.

Safety precautions

Cuts, scrapes, sores, or breaks on the exposed skin of both the caregiver and patient should be covered with bandages. Wash any part of the body that comes into contact with blood or other body fluids. Surfaces that have been tainted with blood should be disinfected with antibacterial soap. Needles and other sharp instruments should be used only when medically necessary and handled appropriately. In 1985, the CDC issued a list of routine precautions for all personal-service workers, such as hairdressers, barbers, cosmetologists, and massage therapists, to take. Instruments that penetrate the skin, such as tattoo and acupuncture needles or ear piercing guns, should either be used once and disposed of or thoroughly sterilized. Instruments that are not meant to penetrate the skin, but may come in contact with blood (such as razors), should not be shared unless thoroughly sterilized.

Women, STDs, and Pregnancy

Women should not douche because it decreases the number of good bacteria in the vagina. As a result, douching may increase the risk of infection. Antiviral therapy during pregnancy can significantly lower the chance that HIV will be passed to the infant before, during, or after birth. The treatment is most effective if it is started as early as possible during pregnancy.

However, there are still health benefits if treatment is begun during labor or shortly after the baby is born. This treatment has been shown to be safe and effective for a mother AND her baby. Delivering the baby by cesarean section has been shown to reduce the risk of transmission of HIV to the newborn. However, this is not the standard preventative care for HIV-infected pregnant women.

It should only be considered in certain clinical circumstances (such as for patients who have a very high viral overload or for patients who do not take their medications exactly as prescribed. Mothers with STDs should not breastfeed their newborn(s) because infections, such as HIV, may be transmitted to their babies. In addition, many medications used to treat STDs may be excreted in the breast milk and cause harm to the baby.

– Remember:

While Safepositive.com is dedicated to providing information regarding news, research, therapies, and community discussions to increase awareness, prevention, and activism, remember that it is absolutely critical that you consult with a qualified healthcare provider before making decisions about STD therapies and/or STD health conditions.


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