HIV/AIDS Support

Pre-test counseling

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) new guidelines for HIV testing, HIV prevention counseling is not required to accompany HIV screening. However, the CDC still recommends that patients receive information about HIV infection, transmission, and prevention. Patients should receive information about HIV testing and the meaning of test results. Healthcare providers should also tell the patient when to expect results and that confirmatory testing is necessary if the test result is positive. This is because it is possible for a false positive test result.

Prevention counseling

Prevention counseling is not mandatory, but it should be offered to all patients when they receive their test results.

Counseling focuses on reducing the risks of HIV infection or transmission. The counselor makes a personalized detailed risk assessment of the patient. The counselor should also suggest behavior changes that may help reduce the patient’s risk of developing or transmitting HIV. The counseling session is a chance to clear up any misconceptions or questions the patient may have about the disease.


AIDSinfo, sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), provides the latest information about government and industry sponsored HIV/AIDS treatment and prevention clinical trials.

AIDSinfo also provides the most current, federally approved guidelines for treating and preventing HIV/AIDS in adults and children. It provides information about AIDS-related illnesses, how to manage occupational exposure to HIV, and how to prevent HIV transmission from mother to child during pregnancy.

HIV AIDs Support Groups

The Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation

The Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation provides treatment to HIV/AIDS patients. The organization promotes the discovery of new treatments for other serious and life-threatening pediatric illnesses.

The American Foundation for AIDS Research (amfAR)

The American Foundation for AIDS Research (amfAR) is one of the world’s leading nonprofit organizations dedicated to the support of HIV/AIDS research, prevention, treatment education, and the advocacy of AIDS-related public policies.

The National AIDS hotline

The National AIDS hotline is available in English and Spanish, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. The number is:

1-800-CDC-INFO (1-800-232-4636)

Positively Aware

Positively Aware is the bi-monthly national HIV/AIDS treatment journal published by Test Positive Aware Network (TPAN), Chicago’s oldest peer-led AIDS service agency. PA is dedicated to those living with HIV/AIDS, their care providers, and their families and friends. At, you can find the online version of the magazine, search archives of past issues, sign up for a free subscription to the print version or for weekly e-updates, as well as reading different community forum discussions on HIV issues, treatment, and prevention, blogs by staff members, and information about improving your quality of life.

Selected References Accessed March 29, 2009.
American Foundation for AIDS Research (amfAR). Accessed March 29, 2009.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Accessed March 29, 2009.
Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation. Accessed March 29, 2009.
Halperin DT, Steiner MJ, Cassell MM, et al. The time has come for common ground on preventing sexual transmission of HIV. Lancet. 2004 Nov 27-Dec 3;364(9449):1913-5.
Loutfy MR, Antoniou T, Shen S, et al. Virologic and immunologic impact and durability of enfuvirtide-based antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected treatment-experienced patients in a clinical setting. HIV Clin Trials. 2007 Jan-Feb;8(1):36-44.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAD). Accessed March 29, 2009.
Natural Standard: The Authority on Integrative Medicine. Copyright © 2009. Accessed March 29, 2009.
Rigopoulos D, Gregoriou S, Paparizos V, et al. AIDS in pregnancy, part II: Treatment in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy and management of obstetric, anesthetic, and pediatric issues. Skinmed. 2007 Mar-Apr;6(2):79-84.
The Body: The Complete HIV/AIDS Resource. Accessed March 29, 2009.
U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Accessed March 29, 2009.
Vrouenraets SM, Wit FW, van Tongeren J, et al. Efavirenz: a review. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2007 Apr;8(6):851-71.